Framework hammered out on Iranian nuclear deal

Secretary of State John Kerry sits down with Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif for nuclear talks. (Courtesy of U.S. Department of State)

An introductory nuclear deal has finally been made in Iran. This agreement would restrict the nuclear program of Iran initially sparked hope worldwide that Iran could be prevented from developing nuclear weapons.

Under the preliminary deal, Iran would postpone two-thirds of its newer high-speed centrifuges that enrich uranium, decreasing from 19,000 devices to 6,104 older machines.

These centrifuges allow the extraction of nuclear fuel from uranium in mineral form. It would have to reduce its stockpile of low-enriched uranium from 4,500 pounds to 136 pounds.

By giving up stockpiles, Iran no longer has the ability to create a nuclear weapon.

Also, the sanctions introduced in 2006 will continue to be in effect until Iran has proven that they have stopped its nuclear weapons program. They could not build any new facilities for development for 15 years.

The deal lead to an agreement that Iran would only enrich uranium by 3.67%, which is significant because uranium must by enriched by 90% on order to build nuclear energy and a potential nuclear bomb.

This agreement by Tehran means that it is nearly impossible for Iran to build a bomb with this amount of uranium, but it gives them enough nuclear material to be used for peaceful purposes.

While the nuclear program is highly limited, the deal means that Iran is allowed to keep it.

By keeping their end of the deal, Iran will have proven that the intentions of their nuclear program are peaceful.

By forcing Iran to rely on these types of old machines, restraints are imposed on Iran on any potential arms race to complete the development of a nuclear bomb, according to Jodi Joseph, a former nonproliferation aide in the Obama White House.

Israel and U.S. republicans wanted Iran to get rid of all the centrifuges, and for them, this deal is not enough.

The United States, along with five other world powers, announced on Thursday, April 2nd a comprehensive understanding of Tehran’s nuclear program for the next 15 years.

Obama said this deal was “a historic understanding with Iran,” and warned Republicans in Congress that if they try to impose sanctions to undermine this effort, the United States would carry the blame for diplomatic failure.

For the first time since the Iranian revolution in 1979, government broadcasters of Iran aired the comments of America’s president live. The people of Tehran are celebrating this deal, with hopes that no sanctions on oil and financial transitions will make for a better life.

Yet, Current Minister of Foreign Affairs in Iran, Mohammad Javad Zarif Khonsari, said, “Iran-U.S. relations have nothing to do with this. This was an attempt to resolve the nuclear issue.”

Soon after the deal was made, disagreements over its details appeared. Iranian officials claimed that the U.S. had spun its own version of the general details of the agreement after the U.S. State Department released 43 specific points that Iran claimed were false.

This is one outlined example of the struggles the world’s powers are having with discussing a final agreement in an atmosphere of distrust.

This deal has no clear points outlining how the world’s powers may punish Iran for breaking the rules regarding nuclear weapons.


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