By Samuel Richter
Central Asia is a land of turmoil, corruption and unjust politics. But these terms may only be describing the past of one of the countries in this region.
Afghanistan’s two presidential candidates recently signed a treaty that makes one of them president and the other chief executive.
This settlement between the two candidates means the end of much political turmoil and creates a new democracy for Afghanistan.
Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai has been named the next president of Afghanistan, and he will have Abdullah Abdullah as the country’s chief executive.
President Ghani Ahmadzai and Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah signed the national unity government deal as President Hamid Karzai, who has been in power since the 2001 U.S.-led invasion of Afghanistan ousted the Taliban, looked on.
It took weeks of negotiations to form a power-sharing arrangement after accusations of fraud in the June runoff vote.
The White House commented on the agreement earlier this week.
“This agreement marks an important opportunity for unity and increased stability in Afghanistan. We continue to call on all Afghans — including political, religious and civil society leaders — to support this agreement and to come together in calling for cooperation and calm,” said a White House press representative.
Ghani brings with him a vast education and wide range of experience that will help reshape the country’s political structure.
He has worked as a professor and as a world bank techno-crat. He has also worked as a finance minister and was, at one point, next in line to become the head of the UN.
There is so much at stake in his country’s future — Ghani will have to beat off a resurgent Taliban and build up a small, frail economy at a time when foreign funding and interest are ebbing fast.
The academic will now have to put his years of research into practice and devise a plan to push his country in the right direction.
Many believe that he is the right man to make Afghanistan a strong and stable nation that can contribute to the world.
He has already taken a stance on his issues and how he wants to run the country: “The Afghan public is sick and tired of corruption; we are not going to revive the economy without tackling corruption root, stock and branch,” he stated.
Only time will tell if this first-time politician will be able to use his financial knowledge to restructure Afghanistan properly.